Spermienqualitaet zu hause testen

How do I test my sperm quality? The benefits of home testing.

One out of every six couples is considered infertile. Sperm concentration has decreased by over 50% since the 1970s and continues to decline annually. However, sperm quality and quantity play a crucial role in male fertility.

With the growing awareness of declining sperm concentration, many people wonder about their fertility. A semen analysis, or spermogram, is a quick and painless method to measure key fertility factors - semen volume, sperm count, sperm concentration, sperm motility, and sperm morphology (shape) - and to gain a comprehensive overview of male reproductive capability.

How to interpret a sperm analysis?

Interpreting a spermoogram requires an understanding of various parameters and their reference values. Here are the key aspects to consider when interpreting a spermiogram:

  1. Sperm count (sperm concentration): The number of sperm per milliliter of ejaculate should typically be above 16 million. A lower count may indicate oligospermia, which can affect fertility.

  2. Motility: Sperm must actively move to reach the egg. There are different grades of motility, from "progressively motile" to "non-motile." A high percentage of progressively motile sperm is a positive sign for fertility.

  3. Morphology: Sperm shape is important because abnormally shaped sperm may have difficulty fertilizing the egg. A high percentage of normally shaped sperm is desirable. According to WHO criteria, 4% normal sperm morphology is sufficient to fall within the normal range.

  4. Semen volume: The average semen volume is around 3.6 ml. According to current WHO guidelines, a volume of 1.4 ml or more is considered normal.

The interpretation of a spermogram should be performed by a qualified doctor or a reproductive biology specialist. If deviations from normal values are detected, this may indicate issues with male fertility. It's important to note that a single spermogram alone may not be sufficient for a definitive diagnosis. Typically, several spermograms are conducted over a period of weeks or months to obtain more consistent results. Based on the findings and the individual's situation, the doctor may then recommend appropriate treatment or further investigations.

How does a home sperm test work?

You will receive a discreet test kit by mail for testing in the privacy of your own home. You will ejaculate into the sample cup, add the transport medium to extend the longevity of the semen sample, and package and send the sample. The results will be provided to you promptly.

What are the benefits of a home sperm test?

A home sperm test offers several advantages, especially for men who wish to avoid a doctor's visit but want to take control of their fertility. Here are the specific benefits:

Privacy and Comfort: A home test allows men to perform the discreetly packaged test in their familiar surroundings, reducing the stress and embarrassment often associated with a clinic or lab visit.

Time and Cost Savings: A home test enables convenient testing from the comfort of home, saving both time and costs.

Early Detection of Issues: A home test can provide an early indication of potential fertility problems, supporting the timely recognition and treatment of any issues.

Taking Initiative in Male Fertility: Through a home test, men gain control over their fertility and can take independent measures to improve sperm quality.

How can sperm quality be influenced?

Sperm quality can be positively influenced by various measures, including:

  1. Healthy Diet: A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, complex carbohydrates, and healthy fats can positively affect sperm quality.

  2. Active Lifestyle: Regular physical activity is crucial for circulation and can have a positive impact on sperm quality.

  3. Micronutrients: High-quality supplements such as vitamin D, omega-3 fatty acids, selenium, zinc, and other antioxidants like trans-resveratrol can influence sperm maturation and promote sperm quality.

  4. Stress Management: Chronic stress negatively affects sperm quality.

  5. Avoiding Heat: Excessive heat from hot baths, saunas, or tight underwear can impair sperm quality.

Optimizing sperm quality may take some time, as sperm maturation occurs over approximately 75 days. If you receive an abnormal spermogram, it is advisable to consult an expert for a comprehensive diagnosis and therapy in a timely manner.