Insemination: Tipps zur Vorbereitung für Paare

Insemination: Process & Tips for Preparation

Insemination (Intrauterine Insemination, IUI), also known as artificial insemination, involves introducing specially prepared sperm directly into a woman's uterus through a catheter. The procedure is typically performed during the woman's ovulation to increase the chances of fertilization.

Fertilization of the egg occurs naturally; the difference lies in how the sperm reach the egg. Most women take hormone medications to stimulate egg production and follicle growth. This is a painless and more cost-effective procedure compared to in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Process of Insemination

  1. Hormonal Stimulation: Typically, a low dose of hormones is administered to stimulate egg production.
  2. Triggering Ovulation: Follicle growth is regularly monitored via ultrasound. When the follicles reach a certain size (around 18mm in diameter), ovulation is triggered.
  3. Sperm Preparation: Processing of the sperm sample in the laboratory.
  4. Insemination: During ovulation, a small semen sample is introduced into the woman's uterus through a thin catheter. This is done without sedation or anesthesia.
  5. Luteal Phase Support: Progesterone is often administered, either vaginally or orally, to facilitate the embryo's implantation in the uterine lining.

Success Rates of Insemination range between 13% and 30%

Success rates for insemination vary and depend on factors such as the woman's age, sperm quality, and other individual health aspects. Pregnancy rates range between 13% and 30% per cycle.

It's important to note that comparatively less invasive insemination may not be suitable for all fertility issues. Discussing individual circumstances with a fertility expert is crucial.

How to Prepare for Insemination

  1. Monitor Your Cycle: To increase the chances of successful fertilization, it's important to determine the optimal timing for insemination. Track your cycle using an app and discuss the best timing with your specialist.
  2. Balanced Nutrition: Diet can positively impact egg quality. Following the Fertility Diet, incorporate nutrient-rich foods like folic acid, omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, and iron to promote reproductive health. Focus on consuming healthy proteins, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
  3. Active Lifestyle: Regular exercise can stimulate blood circulation, reduce stress, and regulate hormone levels.
  4. Adequate Sleep: A healthy sleep routine is crucial for hormonal balance in women and sperm maturation in men.
  5. Pimp my Eggs and Pimp my Sperm: Enhance female and male fertility with micronutrients. Learn how to optimize egg and sperm quality in advance.
  6. Stress Reduction: Try to avoid stress and practice relaxation techniques such as meditation or yoga.